Category Archives: Trustees

Actuaries Back On the Government’s Shortage Occupation List

The Government has just published a 243 page document providing a full review of the recommended shortage occupation lists for the UK and Scotland.

Chapter 7 gives The recommended UK shortage occupation list and Page 207 lists:

Qualified actuary working in the life assurance, general insurance, and health and care sectors, etc;

Please be aware that The Professions definition of Qualified Actuaries includes Associates as well as Fellows.

As you can see the listing is ambigous in the use of the word – “etc”.

Updates will be posted to The GAAPS Blog once matters are clarified.

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Do You Know What Actuaries Do?

Actuaries work across diverse industries, from insurance, pensions and benefits, investment and asset management through to banking, healthcare, capital projects and risk. Working individually or as part of a team, you could find yourself being a consultant, analyst, trouble-shooter and risk assessor – all in the same day.

Actuaries use maths and economics every day of their working lives, but they also require good interpersonal skills, as they are in regular contact with clients, senior colleagues, and the staff they manage.

To a certain extent what actuaries do can seem to be shrouded in mystery – watch this entertaining video clip of students at Purdue.

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Pancake Flipping – A Job for Actuaries?

This week Dr Geraldine Kaye of GAAPS represented the Worshipful Company of Actuaries as a team member in the Worshipful Company of Poulters 7th Annual Pancake Race on Shrove Tuesday in the Guildhall Yard in the City of London.

Dr Kaye Flipping Pancakes

Though not the tallest participant,


Dr Kaye is the person to contact if you are looking for an actuary job.

Even if you don’t consider pancake flipping whilst running to be an essential requirement when choosing a recruiter, please bear in mind that at GAAPS we have vacancies in all fields of the actuarial profession including life, pensions, health, risk, general insurance and Solvency II.

A Qualification in “Applied Common Sense”

Actuaries work across diverse industries, from insurance, pensions and benefits, investment and asset management through to banking, healthcare, capital projects and risk.

Working individually or as part of a team, you could find yourself being a consultant, analyst, trouble-shooter and risk assessor – all in the same day; so because your own future will be wide open, you will also be the kind of person who’s ready for anything.

You need to be able to distinguish between the essential and the inessential and, once qualified, to have a long-term perspective.

I often describe the actuarial qualification as a qualification in ‘applied common sense’.

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Compensation after the crisis With Olaf…

Olaf John, actuary and former stand up comedian discusses the impact of the financial crisis on compensation. What does it mean today and what is likely to be the long-term impact?

Watch the video below of a recent breakfast briefing held by GAAPS Actuarial.

If you would like to attend future breakfast briefings please contact

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Cooper Review – Australia’s Superannuation System

The Australian Government has released the final report of the Cooper Review into the governance, efficiency, structure and operation of Australia’s Superannuation System.

The review was commissioned in May 2009 to provide recommendations on how to make superannuation simpler, safer and more efficient.

Key points that are likely to be of interest to actuaries include:

Commissions based on insurance in Super Commissions will be banned on all insurance products in super.

There will be a ban on self insurance other than for defined benefit funds.

There are new capital requirements for super funds.

APRA is being given increased powers.

There are minimal changes to SMSFs.

A Code of Trustee Governance is proposed as nearly all the issues looked at in the Review link back to trustee governance in some way or other.

Standard product and investment reporting and detailed financial and operational info on websites.

MySuper should be a whole of life product and include a retirement phase.

Risk Management on Liquidity is being increased.

There are several recommendations for Defined Benefit plans.

The full review can be downloaded here.

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Search for Pensions Trustees

67% of FTSE-100 pension fund boards exposed to potential conflicts of interest

  • Half of non-independent chairmen are Directors or Senior Managers at sponsoring company
  • Government should enforce ‘comply or explain’ policy for using independent trustees

An astonishing 67% of FTSE-100 final salary pension schemes are still exposed to potential conflicts of interests by failing to appoint independent Chairmen to their board of trustees, reveals new research from Trustee GAAPS, the trustee search and selection firm. 1

Only one in three (33%) of the pension trustee boards, whose role is to protect the interest of pension fund members, are chaired by a trustee that is independent of the pension fund’s sponsoring employer.

Of the 67% of FTSE-100 pension fund Chairmen that are not independent, 50% are Directors or Senior Managers of the company that funds the scheme, whilst 50% are former Directors or Senior Managers of the sponsoring company (which fails the generally accepted governance definition of “independence”).

Trustee GAAPS says that a fundamental conflict of interest exists when a company Director is also a trustee of the pension fund because they have a legal duty as a Director to act in the best interests of the shareholders, which may mean keeping company pension contributions to a minimum. At the same time, however, they have a legal duty as a trustee to protect the scheme members, which may mean negotiating increased funding from the employer.

A director’s or senior manager’s commitment to their employer may see the pension scheme encouraged to gamble on riskier investment policies in the hope of reducing a fund’s deficit without the company having to raise its contribution.

As more companies struggle to fund their pension schemes these conflicts of interest become more acute and unmanageable. David Johnson, Consulting Director, of Trustee GAAPS says: “It would be better if a higher percentage of all pension scheme trustees were independent of the employer but at a bare minimum the Chairman of the board of trustees should be independent.”

“A lot of decisions about funding pension schemes can be a zero sum game, which puts a Director in the impossible position of trying to choose between shareholders and scheme members.”

“The directors of more progressive companies realise that they can argue the company’s case more freely to the pension fund if they aren’t weighed down by conflicts.”

“To be honest FTSE-100 pension schemes usually have the best pension governance standards the smaller the employer the less likely they are to have independent trustees.”

According to the Pension Protection Fund, the total assets of the UK’s defined benefit schemes were £836 billion with liabilities of over £1 trillion (August 2009) so Trustee GAAPS says that the cost of independent Chairman for trustee boards is a red herring. In fact Trustee GAAPS says that the benefits of having an independent chair would more than pay for itself.

David Johnson explains: “Appointing a professional independent trustee to chair the trustee board should improve the scheme’s performance, plus the expertise that they bring with them to the role would mean cost savings on services from advisers and fund managers.”

Time for mandatory independent chairman

Adds David Johnson: “The Pensions Regulator has acknowledged this governance failure and stated its preference for the use of independent trustees to eliminate conflicts of interest. But it doesn’t have any powers to push the matter further.”

Trustee GAAPS says that the Government should mandate a ‘comply or explain’ policy to ensure that chairmen of pension trustee boards are independent. Comments David Johnson: “Where a trustee board felt that the cost of using an independent Chair for the board of trustees was too expensive compared to the assets under management then that decision needs to be explained to the scheme members.”

David Johnson adds: “The performance of trustee boards in their negotiations with sponsoring companies will determine the living standards of millions of employees and pensioners. It is vitally important therefore that conflicts of interest are removed by appointing independent trustees.”

1 The research is based on 45 FTSE-100 final salary schemes for which information on the trustee board is available